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Thursday, August 30, 2018

Cover Story: iKrusher - Vape. Technology. Performance.

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What Does Masturbation and Marijuana have to do with Each Other? - By Tim Beck: Chairman of the Safer Michigan Coalition

Randy Richardville
Former GOP Senate Majority Leader Randy Richardville, a rising star in the move to stop legalization of cannabis for adults in Michigan, graduated from Monroe Catholic Central High School (MCC) in Monroe Michigan, class of 1977. Coincidentally, I too graduated from the place in 1970. MCC was an all boys college prep school run by the "Brothers of the Holy Cross," based in Notre Dame, Indiana

In an interview with MMM Report, Mr. Richardville and I reminisced a bit about those days, and mutual acquaintances in common, including the most famous MCC grad, WJR talk radio superstar Paul W. Smith, class of 1971.

We both love our alma mater in spite of its imperfections

Beyond that, the two of us have nothing in common with respect to Proposition 1, which will legalize marijuana for consenting adults in Michigan this coming November election.

Mr. Richardville explained his opposition to the measure in no uncertain terms.

"I'm more Libertarian than some may think. I could care less if marijuana is used by responsible adults but his ballot proposal is wrong. It is very poorly written. It is not about responsible legalization, it is a money grab by special interests. It (marijuana) will get into the hands of kids. We are risking the mental health of the next generation if this is passed."

He went on to say "I did not care at all about  marijuana until I came to the legislature but when I did, I learned it is a miracle plant for some who have real medical problems." I got a responsible (medical marijuana) model passed when I was majority leader" he said

The regulatory model Mr. Richardville takes credit for, is Public Act 268 which was signed into law by the Governor in 2013. The law was created by a Canadian company called "Prairie Plant Systems" and its Lansing lobbyists. The concept is to grow medical marijuana in deep, heavily fortified mine shafts in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. That model will be implemented if and when the US Federal Government declassifies marijuana to a legal, schedule 2 drug. Right now, as a schedule 1 drug, it has no medical value and is considered the equivalent of heroin and LSD.

Five years have now gone by, and the Federal Government has yet to reschedule cannabis. Congress is paralyzed by infighting and seasoned observers believe it could take at least another five years or more for them to act.

Anti Prop 1 foot soldiers from "Healthy and Productive Michigan" (HPM) with whom Mr. Richardville is affiliated, declared at forum in my virtual hometown of South Haven on the Lake Michigan shore line, that if marijuana is legalized in Michigan it will be disaster. Among other things, there will be a wave of addiction, crime, poverty, domestic violence, suicide, mental illness, juvenile delinquency, and road rage. Drug tourists and homeless persons will flock to South Haven to score some easy weed. They said in so many words if Prop 1 passes, law enforcement will be hopelessly constrained to deal with the reefer madness to come. They will become helpless wimps, barely able to get their tasers up.

HPM acolytes described Colorado which legalized the drug for adults in 2012, as the epitome of ganja hell on earth.

In reality, Colorado is a low tax state, with full employment and real estate values heading to Mars. My newly wed niece and her spouse recently paid over $700K for a place in Denver with less then 1,000 sq feet of living space. Rhetorically speaking, why would anyone pay that kind of money to live in tract home, in a drug crazed hell hole like Denver?

Well, the real answer to that question is Colorado is a very desirable place to live in. Especially the City of Denver.

The fact is, HPM's pitch is down right weird and untrue.

On the other hand though, is it any more strange then stuff I heard at MCC about the dangers of masturbation from the "Brothers of the Holy Cross" who taught religion there in the 1960's?

Randy Richarville is a bit younger then me, so maybe he missed some of the "facts" about masturbation that I heard at MCC from various zealots.

Beginning in 9th grade, we were sternly advised that masturbation can cause blindness, insanity, sterility, and lethargy.

When a sports team did not play up to par, one MCC coach screamed in frustration: "if you sissies weren't jerking off all the time, you'd be tough, and we'll have a real team here. Shape up or ship out. Now drop and give me 20!!! (push ups)."

The big kahuna however, was the concept that masturbation was a "mortal sin" Such a practice was a sure ticket to eternal damnation in the fires of hell.

It was scary stuff back then for a freshman high school boy, whose testosterone levels were spiking. Nonetheless, anecdotal evidence exists that in spite of the horrible consequences of masturbation, the practice still occurred on a regular basis.

One can get the impression today from HPM, that marijuana is a public health threat, just like masturbation was purported to be in my high school days. One difference though, is there is nothing anecdotal about teen marijuana use. Hard scientific numbers indicate teens use marijuana whether it is legal or not. There is no radical difference in teen use in either legal or illegal states. In urban areas, some under age youngsters emulate 'gangsta' rap and hip hop artists, who extol the excitement of giving a middle finger to "the man" by smoking illegal weed.

According to its last finance report filed with the Michigan Secretary of State, HPM is almost exclusively funded by Alexandria, VA  based "Project SAM" (Safe Alternatives to Marijuana) to the tune of $275K. Much of the money has gone to pay consulting fees and salaries.

Project SAM is headed by Bahia religious devotee Kevin Sabet and former US Congressman Patrick Kennedy.

The Bahia religion does not look kindly upon cannabis use and the Kennedy family is the stuff of legend when it comes to bouts with alcohol, drugs and womanizing. Patrick Kennedy is the son of the late Senator Edward (Ted) Kennedy. He is now in recovery from substance abuse.

Will Project SAM and Mr. Richardville's efforts prove successful in nipping legal marijuana in the bud when it goes to the voters this November? Time will tell, but at this juncture the odds are not good.

The massive turnout by Michigan Democrats in the August primary stunned many political observers. It was the biggest Democrat turnout since 1978. Self identified Democrats and independents overwhelmingly support cannabis legalization. Republican support for legalization is in the mid 40% range, give or take give a point or two. Self identified Trump supporters have  consistently polled in favor of legalization by roughly 50%. In recent weeks, President Trump himself declared the marijuana question should be left to the individual states to decide for themselves.

If the August primary numbers hold in November; some HPM warriors might be doing some heavy drinking to dull the pain, when the votes come in the evening of November 6th.

Free The Weed 91 - by John Sinclair

Hi everybody, and highest greetings from Detroit, where the City Council and its comrades in the police bureaucracy and the ecclesiastical community continue to make life miserable for the cannabis community despite the voters’ overwhelming support for legalization and unfettered distribution of the sacrament. Since 2016, the City authorities have disenfranchised 283 established medical marijuana distribution centers and will allow only 75 to reopen legally if they can also qualify and pay the exorbitant costs attendant to state recognition.

I’ve said it before but this remains the stupidest and most backward thing I’ve ever seen the City of Detroit do. This place is a wreck. The City of Detroit encompasses miles of empty lots and fields where there used to be homes and working businesses and, where there is still housing standing, intact and functioning homes are surrounded by destroyed and abandoned houses.

The white people are creating a new city for themselves in a 3-mile stretch along Woodward Avenue from the Detroit River to Grand Boulevard, but other than that the city has been left to ruination—except for the resurgence in neighborhood business centered on the marijuana provisioning facilities that sprang up in response to the demand from marijuana patients for places to secure their medication.

Did the City Council celebrate the opening of 283 new businesses within the city limits? Did they do everything they could to make sure the businesses flourished andothersopened to meet increased demand for medicinal marijuana? Did they offer assistance and financial aid to new businesses trying to establish themselves in this exciting new field?

Of course not! They reached into their standard ignorance bag and continued to trot out the bullshit about the dangers of marijuana use and its deleterious effect on the city’s neighborhoods. But we’re going to hear a lot more of this horseshit in the next three months leading up to the vote on marijuana legalization in November, and not just from the Insane Clown Posse that forms the Detroit City Council.

In fact, there are a lot of insane clowns in charge of marijuana policy and law enforcement, including the Michigan Association of Chiefs of Police, the Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan, the Michigan Sheriff’s Association, Smart Approaches to Marijuana (SAM), the Michigan Chamber of Commerce and the grotesquely-named Coalition to Keep Pot Out of Neighborhoods and Schools. Good luck with that!

These people are patently out of their minds, but they’ve been peddling their fantasies for a long time and backing them up with all the power of the armed forces of law and order. Early on, the first commissioner of narcotics, a thug trained by J. Edgar Hoover named Harry J. Anslinger, adopted the American version of a social manipulation tactic pioneered by Adolph Hitler and his propagandist Josef Goebbels called the BIG LIE in order to advance his campaign to illegalize marijuana and subject marijuana users to extreme legal harassment and punishment.

The BIG LIE technique starts with inventing a massive untruth and proclaiming it via official media as true fact, then repeating it as often as possible with no deviation from the assertion until the public is convinced that the lie is true. This is the basic strategy of the current government led by Resident Rump, who has brought the strategy of the BIG LIE to unprecedented heights. The bigger the lie, the more strenuous his efforts to sell it to the public as the truth.

Can you imagine the present of the United States describing the news media as the “enemy of the people”? Nothing could be farther from the truth. The fact is that the present-day owners of the news media are enemies of the people, but they’re also the backers of the Rump and the blatantly criminal Republican Party which has made the BIG LIE into its basic modus operandi.

As I write this Resident Rump’s campaign manager and personal attorney have both been convicted of felonies perpetrated in Rump’s behalf. He can call this “False News” all he wants to and shout about a “Witch Hunt,” but the BIG LIE of the Rumps is about to go the way of his role model, the Fuhrer, straight into the ashcan of history—just like the phony marijuana laws.

I want to air a personal beef here in my column this month, something I rarely do but believe in this case to be well warranted. They say there’s another High Times Cannabis Cup coming up in September at the Auto City Speedway in Clio, just outside of my home town of Flint, Michigan.

I don’t know if High Times has purchased this site or just laid claim to it on a temporary basis, but they sponsor several big-time cannabis events there each year now. I can’t image how great the take is but it starts with a $20 parking fee and goes from there.

You may or may not know but the fact is that I am the founder of the marijuana legalization movement in Michigan, going back to January 1965. I suffered three marijuana convictions, served prison sentences of six months and 2-1/2 years for marijuana possession, challenged the constitutionality of the narcotics laws—weed was legally classified as a narcotic in those days—and overturned the Michigan Marijuana laws on appeal in March 1972.

I was a founder of the Hash Bash and spearheaded the successful effort to replace the state marijuana laws with a $5 fine for any marijuana offense in Ann Arbor by act of the City Council. I organized the first statewide Michigan Marijuana Initiative and worked as a lobbyist for NORML in an effort to pass a legalization bill in the Michigan legislature in 1977. I helped inspire a guy named Tom Forcade, an outspoken member of the White Panther Party (which I co-founded and served as Chairman) and successor to my comrade Bob “Righteous” Rudnick as coordinator of the Underground Press Syndicate, to start a magazine called High Times that was named after an MC5 album.

I wrote for High Times over the years and, in 1998, I was invited to preside over the High Times Cannabis Cup in Amsterdam, where I was advised by Cannabis Cup mastermind Steven Hager that I was to be the one and only High Priest of the Cannabis Cup for all time. When High Times sponsored its first Medical Cannabis Cup in Detroit I was granted a Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of my many years of effort on behalf of legalization.

I hate to blow my own horn, but these things are part of the history of marijuana legalization in Michigan, which is just about to become a reality. What pisses me off is that the money grubbers from High Times can come to my home town and throw their celebrations without giving me a nod of recognition or even inviting me to attend, let alone engage me professionally to participate as an activist, commentator, panelist, poet and performer who serves the marijuana movement in these roles all over the western world.

You know, I don’t really care if I go to their so-called Cannabis Cup or not, but it’s just not right to come here and piss in my face. There’s an old concept from the early days of marijuana smoking in our culture that we learned from centuries of practice by people everywhere, called “honoring the local gods.” All I want is my props.Free The Weed!

August 21-22, 2018

© 2018 John Sinclair. All Rights Reserved.


September is officially here, which means we are 2 months away from what many of us in Michigan have been patiently, yet eagerly waiting for, the opportunity to vote yes on the Legalization of Cannabis in Michigan!! As excited as we all are for that, and as certain as many of us are that this will pass, I’m going to take this opportunity to remind everyone of our readers, that November is only the beginning, and its not over when the voting is. I’m sure some of you are probably wondering what it is exactly I’m talking about, let me break it down to all those concerned cannabis lovers.

First, lets just take a very quick path down memory lane. In 2008, Michigan voters overwhelmingly supported and passed the Michigan Medical Marihuana Act. In the 10 years since, its been smooth sailing for some of Michigan, and nothing but rough waters and raids in other areas. With the gray areas of the Michigan Medical Marihuana Act constantly being abused by police to raid, arrest, and confiscate items of value with asset forfeiture, we needed change. Fortunately, not only did we see the problems with the law, many politicians did as well. As more discussions happened, bills were crafted and progress was in motion. Granted many of us think they should’ve been able to promulgate a program and laws regarding provisioning centers much sooner, we finally had a new baby born into Michigan by the name of the MMFLA.

The MMFLA, or the Michigan Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act, is what we are dealing with in Michigan today, and will be for at least a couple more years. The MMFLA is the current law that allows applicants to apply for a license in one of 5 areas as long as you get past all the requirements, the 5 areas of course being provisioning centers, processing centers, cultivation facilities, testing facilities, and secure transport companies. Even when you factor in board member Don Bailey’s obvious bias and obstructionism, we’re still heading in the right direction. I’d just like to remind all of you, just because we’re heading in the direction of the finish line, doesn’t mean we’re going to make it there. The MMFLA doesn’t just allow for people to invest and apply for licenses if they are qualified applicants. You can invest and begin the buildouts, but you better make sure the locals are going to approve because your local municipality must opt in before you can even begin to think about launching your dream business in your town. Lets look into that a bit shall we. There are over 100 municipalities that have opted in to the MMFLA. That doesn’t sound to bad, until you put into perspective that there are 276 cities, 257 villages, and 1,240 townships. That’s less that 10% of the state opting in. Another thing I hear a lot is, “Who cares, we’re legalizing in November and none of this will matter, including Bailey and his board”. Those statements are what inspired me to write this article, its not that simple. Legalization is polling solid at 60+ percent approval and 70+ percent recognition. I as well as you, believe this will pass by a solid majority. The problem is, in order for you to truly experience the liberation of this plant and see it as we want, available for sale without miles and miles of travel to do so, your community must not only opt into the MMFLA, they then need to readdress the topic after November and opt into the recreational program as well. Of course you’ll be able to grow no matter where you are, but if things stayed as they are today, less than 10% of Michigan municipalities would be taking advantage of this opportunity.

So when I say there is more to it than voting yes, there really is. As many of you know, I used to own Cloud 45 in Gaylord, MI. We were shut down prior to the MMFLA going into effect. Since then, Gaylord has opted out, ignoring the will of the voters in that community. They not only opted out, the county commissioners of Otsego, where Gaylord is located, made a resolution to stating the people of Otsego are against recreational marijuana. That is so far from the truth. The resolution is included for you to read, lies printed to not only scare the public, but this resolution is being sent around to all the counties in MI trying to get them all to oppose legalization. The reefer madness is alive and strong, they actually claim that marijuana emergency room trips are exceeding those for heroin, link marijuana to suicide, and claim it’s the number one thing teenagers seek treatment for. Crazy right, I thought so too.

So where does that leave us and what is it that we must do to make sure we see this dream become a reality? We continue working together and striving for the results we want to see. Grand Rapids was a hot topic for a while, they didn’t want to opt in, the people got organized and were going to petition for an opt in. They didn’t even need to because Grand Rapids realized what was going to happen, had talks and meetings with the public, and decided to listen to the people and opt in. Gaylord and many communities choose to ignore the people and run the agenda of a few select elected officials. Its not going to work. A provisioning center opened last week in Gaylord, where they opted out, no meds in the building yet. What they do have in the building is the next best thing, a petition for Gaylord residents to sign to get the horrible decision of opting out taken away from the biased officials, and put to the voters in March. Upon gathering enough signatures and getting it to the ballot, it will easily pass in that community. Heres the problem, will Gaylord then opt into recreational next year or just allow medical and give recreational the same problems they have given medical? My guess is the later.

When rec passes, your community must have opted in to the MMFLA to opt into the rec market the following year. The only people able to apply for the first two years are those who have been given a MMFLA license. The BMMR board will definitely be a factor for a while to come. So how do we ensure the Michigan people get what we want after legalization? We don’t stop showing up to the ballot boxes. We stay informed, have discussions with our local officials, and see how they feel and how they will vote. If your community opts out, or if your community opts in to the MMFLA, but not into the RMLA, (regulate marihuana like alcohol) get out and vote for the challenger. If there isn’t a challenger, follow my former business partner from Cloud 45’s example, and run yourself. Al Witt ran and won a spot on city council. If they won’t listen to your voice, become the voice.


Cannibals of Freedom - Remember, Remember! The 6th of November - By Daniel L. Price Esq.

On November 6th, an initiative to legalize marijuana for recreational use is on the Michigan ballot.  Essentially, if passed by the voters, anyone over 21 years old will be able to grow up to 12 plants and possess up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana, without fear of prosecution.  A win for marijuana users and the right to self-determination?  Perhaps.

If passed, thousands of Michigan law enforcement agencies will experience huge dollar losses.  In Kent County alone, the total expected costs for its narcotics team, KNET was estimated to be $542,238 for 2015.  Yet, the county would only pay $26,274 for those costs.  It’s important to understand the budget is prepared a year in advance.  Kent County set in place a quota system to make up the $418,258 difference. In other words, KNET’s budget “required” KNET to make arrests and take property to raise approximately 95.4% of its budget.  Now, if we are talking nearly ½ million for one drug enforcement team, we are likely talking BILLIONS in losses for all enforcement agencies throughout Michigan. 

Is it surprising that law enforcement agencies are worried about legalizing marijuana?  They talk about harm to kids and increasing crime to gin up fear.  But make no mistake, it’s “all about the Benjamins”!  After decades of the trillion dollar war on drugs (freedom), marijuana is no less available than it was when the parasites made it illegal.  But worse, it cost an untold number of broken lives and families, and severe harm to children.

The things that did change as a result of the drug laws (war on freedom), include a dramatic increase in money taken from citizens to feed parasites in government.  Another change was the increase of government’s power over the individual.  Yet another was that enforcement of drug laws harmed the life, liberty and property of those who use marijuana.  But more, it steals income and freedom from those who do not use marijuana in order to feed government parasites.  Violent crime also increased by the government created violent gangs and drug cartels who also steal from, rape, and murder adults and children.

But who’s the big winners if recreational marijuana is approved by voters?  All those hoping to “cash in” and make substantial government granted monopoly profits.  This includes all those who positioned themselves to obtain permission to grow, harvest, process, and sell marijuana under the new law.  Even more, this is at the expense of those to be excluded from the market by government regulation.  Government parasites are winners too, because the law requires a 10% excise sales tax, licensing fees, and other added costs that YOU will be “forced” to pay.  And, of course, law enforcement wins too!

I can hear people say, “What do I care?  At least I won’t have to fear prosecution”. Think again!  Here’s the government’s playbook.  Goal: Increase size of government to increase control over individuals.  Feed people propaganda about a group or product (marijuana), to instill fear to get them to demand action.  A simple majority of people vote for or accept laws making the product illegal, requiring growth at all levels of government.  More laws are then enacted to allow the taking of money and property from those convicted of crimes under those laws.  When enough people begin to realize that their freedom is being denied, and/or get tired of the devastation created by those laws, they begin to speak out.  Government continues the propaganda and gets people to believe they can have the “privilege” of doing that which they have a right to do.  But first they get you to beg to be taxed in ever increasing amounts to keep the Benjamins flowing to parasites in government.  Government being many steps ahead, creates a system to take DNA samples on highways to bust people for driving while impaired by “legal” marijuana.  They also make it a crime to refuse to give up your DNA without a warrant.  The money lost in enforcement of the war on freedom continues to flow to government, because “stoned” driving arrests will skyrocket.  Of course, it’s not because more people will drive with THC in their bodies, but because of law enforcement’s increased focus on marijuana arrests.  Never mind that there’s no legitimate test to determine if someone is impaired by marijuana, or that countless law enforcement personnel will commit fraud and perjury to get those arrests.  The goal is achieved.

I write this poem in honor of Guy Fawkes: Remember, Remember! The 6th of November, the treason to reason, freedom and pot.  By false claim of harm, to increase control over the lot; Parasitic privilege instead of freedom, of which many are mindful of not.  For this I know of no reason why this treason should ever be forgot! 
(Original poem by Guy Fawkes the 5th of Nov.)

Adieu for now.
& of course, till next month, as always, keep rolling on.
Disclaimer:  This is an informational article only.  It is not to provide individual legal advice.  If you need legal services, feel free to contact me, or any attorney of your choosing.

Grow Tip - Top 10 Tips for Terrific Crops

1 Light Supplements

One of the best uses of power when growing indoors is employing fluorescent bulbs to supplement your lighting. Fluorescent lights, such as T-5s or CFLs (compact fluorescents) not only offer some of the best light spectrum for plants, they also are very efficient with electricity usage and emit very little heat. Additionally, fluorescents can be placed lower on side walls to better penetrate the garden canopy and effectively get light to the middle-third of your plants.

2 Proper Genetics

Good cannabis genetics is everything. Give a grower a 1K HID and bad genetics and I will show you a grower who has fared far better with fluorescents and good genetics. Give a grower a 1K HID with good genetics and they are superman. Behind every stunning grow, breathtaking bud photograph, every unbelievably gorgeous dazzling bag of bud, every memorable cannabis experience, is someone who paid for good genetics to begin with. A thousand dollar grow room is ineffective without the right DNA put into it.

3 Sparkling Clones

I discovered the benefits of sparkling water a few years ago as another grower’s tip and have never seen anyone else mention using it. Purchase yourself a bottle of sparkling mineral water for your clones. Fresh cuttings off a mother plant crave the tiny carbonated bubbles and the essential minerals. Placing your fresh cuttings in a cup of mineral water before using your cloning solution will make your clones root faster and increase survival rates. Make sure you grab the unflavored sparkling water as its pure and clean. Bubbles are a happy sound to the plants and they will soon show their approval with quick abundant roots.

4 Grow Organic

Save time and money in the grow room, “Go Organic”. Not only will you save time and money but it will also help lessen your carbon footprint and provide you with higher quality cannabis that burns properly. Go green = Grow green. We already have an over-dependence on petrochemicals so why pour fertilizers made of these substandard ingredients on our plants. I say no!  Grow organic it won’t only change your grow room it will change your life.

5 Transitional Feeding

Plants don’t need flowering food until you’ve got flowers forming. Keep plants on full strength vegetative nutrients through the first week of flowering for indicas and second week for sativas. Then combine both veg and bloom for a week, before going to straight bloom.
6 Green Light
It’s important to catch pests, infestations and molds early and act immediately. Powdery mildew on foliage surfaces and insect secretions can be difficult to see under your bright grow light.  However they can be seen at night with a green headlight or a UVB light. Mildew and poop appear to glow under a UVB light on plant leaves..Take a look!

7 Stay Organized

Make your own footprints in the path of growing, but allow the wealth of knowledge that is already out there to be your guide. Don’t get stuck in your own methods. Too much pride in your growing style, or fear of failure, will limit you. Your plants are what you make them. A perpetual harvest cycle allows you to individualize your techniques for each plant’s specific nutrient and water needs. Organization lends less work, change one thing at a time and have patience. When you find something worth sharing, keep the growing community alive and don’t bogart your knowledge. Pass that stuff around.

8 Plant Lift

The best advice ever given to me was from granny who taught me to pick up the pots on her patio to feel the weight of the plants before watering to avoid overwatering. Always listen to your plants. They’ll tell you when they need more food, water or air. Treat them as the living wonderful beings that they are, and they will reward you with a wonderful crop.

9 Super Cropping

Pinching, twisting, and bending the tops of plants are all forms of super-cropping. Doing this benefit your plants, garden and growing space considerably by preventing plant stretching and waste of valuable space and light. Super-cropping can be performed during almost any stage of a plant’s life, from well-rooted and established clones all the way into the middle stage of flowering (although bending is preferable to pinching at that time). If you haven’t tried some form of super cropping, try a few of these techniques and see what works best for you and your plants

10 All You Need is Patience

The thing that was hardest to learn and I wish I still had more of, is patience. You can never have enough of it when you’re growing, and you need even more when you’re curing your herb. Don’t rush the process, let it grow, let it dry.  Keep it simple, keep it clean and keep it green.

Health & Science - September 2018

Endocannabinoid Deficiency a cause for Fibromyalgia?

It’s taken some time, but over the decades, the medical community has finally recognized fibromyalgia as a physical disorder, but have only speculated as to its underlying cause.

In many medical marijuana approved states, fibromyalgia is the most common disorder of those who have applied for a card. Medical cannabis has been anecdotally shown to reduce many of the symptoms of fibromyalgia including pain, fatigue, sleep problems, digestive problems and mental fog.

Desperate fibromyalgia sufferers are turning to medical cannabis as a last resort and have been ecstatic with the results. Many patients have been incapacitated by fibromyalgia, unable to get out of bed, let alone work, have resumed activities that they never expected to do again in their lives, including working and exercising. It has been literally a “life saver” for many.

The question is why does cannabis seem to work so well? The answer, according to Dr. Ethan Russo, medical director of PHYTECS, is that those who have fibromyalgia suffer from Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency (CED). When you replenish the depleted endocannabinoid system with the necessary cannabinoids, the symptoms disappear.

Think of it in similar terms of someone with a Vitamin B deficiency feeling much better after taking supplements. For those who have studied the endocannabinoid system (ECS), you will know that its main function is to help the body maintain homeostasis.  When the body is in homeostasis, it is free from disease.

The ECS consists of cannabinoid receptors, C1 and C2, which are found in the brain, spinal cord, nerves, the stomach and other organs. It also controls many of our physiological processes such as pain, mood, memory and appetite. Our bodies naturally produce endocannabinoids, similiar to those in cannabis. That keeps our ECS functioning properly. When the endocannabinoids are depleted, we experience disorder and disease.

Those with severe fibromyalgia know, only too well, all the symptoms of this disorder. Pain is typically the worst, coupled with incapacitating fatigue. Irritable bowel syndrome and migraine are also very common symptoms. Russo is convinced that this is an indication of ECS deficiency. He purposed this theory as far back as 2001.

Recent research studies support this theory with evidence of cannabis usage decreasing pain, improving sleep and relieving gastric distress.

CED is based on the theory that there is a link between brain disorders and neurotransmitter deficiencies. Think dopamine shortage with Parkinson’s disease and serotonin and norepinephrine with depression. The best evidence for the CED theory is from an Italian migraine study. The results showed reduced levels of anandamide, an endocannabinoid, in the cerebrospinal fluid of chronic migraines sufferers versus healthy control subjects.

The ECS is known to regulate the transportation of food in the digestive tract as well as the release of digestive juices to break down food and inflammation. CED would account for digestive disorders like IBS which almost always accompany fibromyalgia.

There is much anecdotal evidence but little research evidence to substantiate Dr. Russo’s theory. He would like to conduct randomized controlled trials to prove or disprove the existence of CED. MRI and PET scans may one day by able to detect endocannabinoid levels in patients. That would allow a comparison of endocannabinoid levels in fibromyalgia patients versus healthy control subjects. That possibility may not be far away.


How CBD Can Help with Anxiety

For decades, CBD has drawn increasing interest for its effects on the nervous system. We tend to hear a lot about CBD in the context of treating epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and nerve pain. But there’s also the potential for treating a range of neuropsychiatric disorders, from trauma and depression to stress and anxiety. In this guide, we lay out the case for using CBD for anxiety. We also discuss how to dial in the best CBD oil dosage for anxiety symptoms, and explore the best CBD oil for anxiety relief.

Anxiety is a broad term that covers a whole spectrum of feelings and experiences, from everyday worries and fears about life’s many challenges to the crippling apprehension of triggering situations. Left over from our evolutionary past, anxiety responses are hardwired into our neurons, as part of the adaptive systems that kept our ancestors alive. Transplanted into the complexities of social and civic life, those responses find all kinds of new outlets. And for many, those responses can quickly tip over into a disorder.

What Does CBD Have in Common With Prescription Anxiety Drugs?
Fortunately, numerous scientific studies—mostly on animals, but some on humans—have demonstrated that CBD can produce anxiolytic or anxiety-reducing effects. That’s because CBD appears to modulate the same systems in the brain as prescription anti-anxiety medications like Prozac and Xanax.

Currently, treatments for anxiety do two things. First, they can help increase serotonin levels in the brain by inhibiting the brain’s ability to reabsorb serotonin. This improves mood. Or, they can stimulate the brain to produce new neurons in the hippocampus, where neurogenesis has been shown to reduce anxiety and depression.

A 2013 study in Current Neuropharmacology demonstrated the link between cannabidiol and neurogenesis in humans. And a 2016 animal study showed that CBD can produce a fast-actingantidepressant and anti-anxiety effect by stimulating serotonin transmission in the brain.

Read on to find out how to find the best CBD oil for anxiety specifically. Then, take a look at our rundown of the dosages to try for different types of anxiety.

How to Find The Best CBD Oil for Anxiety
The most important thing is to remember that the best CBD oil for anxiety contains no THC. Regardless of your sensitivity to THC, the psychoactive chemical in cannabis, if you’re trying to treat anxiety, could take you in the wrong direction.

So check out high-quality CBD oils derived from hemp. Hemp plants produce exceptionally high quantities of cannabidiol with negligible (and often legal) levels of THC.

You can also take advantage of the calming properties of various essential oils in your CBD oil. Many CBD products contain infusions of other plant oils for fragrance and flavor. Some of the best CBD oil for anxiety, therefore, also contains lavender, cinnamon, spearmint, or other calming essences that can increase the anxiety-reducing effects of your CBD product.

Finding The Right CBD Oil Dosage For Anxiety
Anxiety exists on a spectrum, from everyday anxiousness and apprehension at major events or challenges to debilitating disorders. For this reason, no single CBD dose can address all anxieties. Furthermore, the studies on using CBD oil for anxiety have exclusively looked at “acute” dosing or dosing as needed. Unfortunately, that means there isn’t much data on using CBD oil daily or regularly to treat anxiety.

Try A Low CBD Oil Dosage for Anxiety Caused By Everyday Social Interactions

If you’re looking for relief from generalized anxiety or social anxiety that’s not interfering with your normal activities, using a low CBD dose is likely all you’ll need. To quickly achieve the anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol, take a few breaths off a CBD vape cartridge. If you’ve got a long day of stresses ahead, choosing a CBD edible might be a better choice, as the effects are usually less short-lived than vaping.

Use a Medium to High CBD Oil Dosage for Anxiety Disorders Like OCD and Panic Attacks
For more severe, acute attacks of anxiety and panic, take a larger dose of CBD. This will ensure that the cannabidiol will both inhibit serotonin absorption and increase serotonin signaling. CBD’s bodily effects will also kick in more noticeably. Often, bodily symptoms like tightness or soreness can trigger or exacerbate anxiety and panic. The overall calming effect of CBD can help eliminate this stress in the body, too.

Take More Frequent, High CBD Oil Dosage for Anxiety Related to PTSD

For extreme anxiety disorders, like PTSD, more frequent CBD oil doses may be helpful. Start with a medium to high CBD oil dosage for anxiety of this kind and work up to achieve your desired results.  Fortunately, the safety profile of cannabidiol is very good, and much lower than prescription anti-anxiety drugs.

To sum up, CBD is broadly useful for treating a variety of neuropsychiatric problems. And the best CBD oil for anxiety offers a safe and effective alternative medicine for treating many kinds of anxiety. Experiment with different CBD products and CBD oil dosage for anxiety relief tailored to your needs.